Own business: lumber production
The production of lumber has always been a fairly profitable direction of our own business, because the demand for such materials never decreases significantly, and quality products almost always find their consumers. Consumers are furniture factories, construction companies, manufacturing enterprises of various directions, because wood in many cases is an indispensable material. In the Asian part of Russia there are a lot of forests, the price of wood is relatively low (if compared with many other countries), there should be no problems with raw materials, hence the good prospects for such an undertaking. However, one must understand that competition in this direction can be serious, and not every entrepreneur has enough funds and resources to create a successful enterprise from scratch, whose products will be stably bought. To do this, you will have to make a lot of effort, not to mention money.
So, to start your work, you need to contact your local tax office to register as a business entity. Next, you will have to get permissions from all managing organizations to conduct your activities, this applies primarily to the production premises, as people will be involved there. In general, the requirements here are standard – that is, you need to contact the Rospotrebnadzor and the Ministry of Emergencies (to their local offices). If you plan to harvest wood yourself, that is, have a piece of wood at your disposal, and for this you need to participate in state auctions. There may be serious difficulties, but in more detail all organizational activities in this direction are considered in the article on forest trade. Here, organization of production is considered in more detail, because not every entrepreneur rents a forest plot, much more often raw materials procured by third-party companies are bought for the enterprise.
So, when organizational issues are resolved, you can begin to search for premises. In general, it’s ideal to find a place somewhere in the suburbs, because there the rental price is much lower, while the proximity of the city allows for the effective implementation of its products. If the entrepreneur owns a plot outside the city, then it makes sense to use it. But still it is better to initially have not only a place, but also infrastructure, because for work you will need several buildings, not only industrial purposes. In general, the area may even occupy several hectares, however, for small enterprises, only a few ares may be sufficient. In general, a site is selected depending on the business plan and available capacities. Today you can open a small enterprise that produces a limited range, but only of those products that are in demand in the region. In general, it should be noted that opening such a business makes sense in those regions where suppliers of wood offer a really high-quality product with which there will be no problems in production, which will make it possible to produce good goods. Thus, renting such a large plot can be a very serious item of monthly expenses, it is very difficult to give even an approximate cost, because everything depends not only on the location, but also on the condition of the premises and, for example, access roads. So, you can even rent a very large complex for several hectares for a relatively small amount of 100 thousand rubles, but almost certainly then you will have to invest several million only in the repair and construction of the road. In other cases, the lease will be very expensive, whence the conclusion is – it is better to own your own land or think about buying it.
The next moment in organizing a business is the acquisition of the necessary equipment. Here, as always, there is an opportunity to save some money if you buy used units, but this option rarely leads to the fact that the production process goes on without interruptions and complications. You also need to understand that today there are a huge number of equipment suppliers, and European or American-made cars will cost the most. But often, the best solution is to contact Russian manufacturers, because they can offer products at a relatively good price, which at the same time does not increase due to customs operations and transportation. However, when assembling the workshop, a huge number of factors must be taken into account. First of all, the optimal performance indicator of the sawmill is calculated, as well as the nature of the process – machines or production line. Today, a rare plant is engaged in the equipment of isolated machines, most often it is in-line production with an established scheme of movement of material flows. Also, gaterling technology is almost no longer used, it was replaced by a band saw.