We open a brick production workshop
Brick is one of the most popular building materials. Brick production as a business is interesting in that, along with large enterprises, it is possible to produce brick with minimal investment.
The production of bricks and brick products is a business accessible to everyone, even a novice entrepreneur. Modern automated lines for the production of bricks can minimize the use of manual labor and get a diverse range of products. The business provides a sufficiently high profitability and reasonable payback periods for initial investments.
Brick production: market prospects and volumes
Brick is one of the most versatile building materials in Russia. Growing volumes of construction suggest an ever-increasing consumption by the economy. In terms of creating a business, the production of bricks is interesting in that, along with large enterprises, it is possible to produce bricks with minimal investment.
The main consumers of bricks are construction companies. About 70% of the brick goes to housing.
About 700 enterprises are engaged in brick production in the Russian Federation. As a rule, they sell their products in the territory of their region, since the delivery of brick over long distances can significantly increase its price. It is economically feasible to supply brick no more than 200-300 kilometers when it comes to road transport.
The largest number of bricks is produced and sold in the Central Federal District, as the most economically active. Since 2015, the production of ceramic bricks fell, in 2017 – slightly increased. As for silicate brick, there is a steady tendency in the market to reduce its production.
This situation in the brick market is due to several factors. The main one is the decline in household incomes, which began back in 2014 and continues today, as a result of which the residents of the Russian Federation are investing less and less in housing. Another factor that leads to a decrease in the number of brick production is the increasingly active use of alternative methods of building buildings, such as the construction of buildings from sandwich panels, monolithic construction, construction of wood. It should be noted that brick construction, with all its advantages, is one of the most expensive and long-term methods of building construction.
Types and classification of brick products
First of all, brick differs in the material from which it is made.
Ceramic bricks are made of clay with various additives. The main production of silicate brick is quartz rock, that is, sand. Hyper-pressed brick is produced by pressing in special forms of screenings of marble, shell rock or dolomite, or from cement, quartz sand and crushed granite.
The second classification of bricks is based on its purpose. There are building or ordinary bricks, facing bricks, which are divided into textured and shaped options, stove or refractory bricks. Clinker brick, which is made from refractory grades of clay, is also distinguished.
Depending on the nature of the filling, the brick is divided into solid and hollow.
Three standard sizes of bricks are standardized in Russia; bricks are also produced according to European standard sizes.
As you can see, bricks come in completely different types, each of which has its own characteristics of production and scope. Carefully analyze the brick market in your region and find those types of bricks in the segment of which the competition is lower or higher than its consumption. Pay attention to the quality of products on the market. If you can provide the best quality, this will be a significant competitive advantage, as many consumers are willing to pay a higher price for the exclusive quality of the goods.
We open a brick production workshop
Let’s say a few words about the basic technologies for the production of brick products, since the type of equipment purchased depends on this. Immediately make a reservation that production technology is a complex process in which its nuances and subtleties are present. We will not dwell on the technological aspects of production in detail, but describe only the essence of the technologies used, on which the type of equipment used will depend.
The basis of the technology for the production of silicate brick is pressing. At the first stage, a mixture is prepared for the production of bricks, which consists of lime, water and sand. Next is the pressing and autoclaving of bricks.
The production of clay-based ceramic bricks begins with the preparation of a homogeneous mixture free of impurities. Next, the brick is molded, dried and fired.